Discussions on the history and historiography of Australia's New England

Sunday, May 10, 2009

Newcastle time line

I have been looking for some Newcastle time lines for a little while This one from the Awaba site has an Awabakal focus.


  • escaped convicts, William and Mary Bryant, thought to have located Glenrock Lagoon


  • Lt. John Shortland lands on the southern shore of the Hunter River


  • the Hunter sails to Bengal with the first coal exports from Newcastle


  • August: William Reid locates Lake Macquarie, sailing into the channel after mistaking it for the Hunter River
  • November: the Norfolk wrecked on Stockton Beach


  • Paterson, Grant and Barrallier explorer the lower Hunter River on the Lady Nelson, seeing "the fires of the natives and many individuals"
  • June: first settlement formed at the mouth of the Hunter River under M. Mason; abandoned February 1802
  • November: Superintendent Mason reports hostile encounters with Aborigines on the Hunter River, and the theft of two blankets by one man, thought to be under the influence of alcohol


  • March: second settlement at `King's Town' (Newcastle) formed under Charles Menzies with 34 Irish convicts implicated in the Castle Hill uprising; thereafter a "place for the reception of desperate characters" and "choice rogues"
  • May: six Aboriginal men from Newcastle taken to Sydney to meet Governor King


  • January: Governor Lachlan Macquarie inspects the Newcastle settlement


  • Benjamin Singleton marks a route a land route from Sydney to Newcastle
  • Governor Lachlan Macquarie makes the second of three tours of Newcastle; meets "Burigan, King of the Newcastle native tribe" and 40 men, women and children, who entertain with a short "Carauberee"; "I ordered them to be treated with some grog and an allowance of maize".


  • September 18: convict Henry Langton receives 75 lashes at Newcastle for "Cutting a black native with a knife"
  • November: John Howe marks a route from Windsor to the Hunter River near Jerrys Plains


  • January: Commissioner J.T. Bigge inspects the Newcastle penal settlement
  • October: death of King Burrigan of the Newcastle tribe, from injuries sustained in the recapture of the convicts James Kirby and James Thompson
  • October 28: three convicts, Robert Davis, Thomas Franklin and William Page flogged for `Inhumanely ill treating and cutting a black native and intimidating him against bringing in bushrangers'
  • December: trial and execution in Sydney of James Kirby for the murder of King Burrigan


  • John Laurio Platt receives a 2000 acre grant on the lower Hunter River near Newcastle
  • Governor Macquarie makes his second tour of Newcastle; meets Bungaree at Wallis Plains


  • November: Governor Brisbane inspects the Newcastle settlement


  • September: LMS Deputation (Reverend Daniel Tyerman and George Bennet) inspect the Hunter River


  • January 5: Sydney Gazette publishes two `Australian Aboriginal Song[s]', by Threlkeld, being the first publication of an attempt to capture the Awabakal language in writing


  • publication of Threlkeld's Specimens of a Dialect of the Aborigines of New South Wales


  • Threlkeld dismissed from the LMS


  • publication of Threlkeld's An Australian Spelling Book


  • members of the United States Exploring Expedition visit Threlkeld's Ebenezer mission


  • Threlkeld returns to Sydney and takes up the pastorate of the South Head Congregational Church (Watson's Bay, NSW), concluding 15 years of missionary work at Lake Macquarie


  • publication of Threlkeld's A Key to the Structure of the Aboriginal Language


  • death of King Bully of Newcastle


  • death of Reverend Threlkeld


  • death of Old Ned White


  • publication of Dr. John Fraser's An Australian Language


D.A. Roberts, H.M. Carey and V. Grieves, Awaba: A Database of Historical Materials Relating to the Aborigines of the Newcastle-Lake Macquarie Region, University of Newcastle, 2002

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